how to make sumac tea from powder

It’s called Sumac-ade because it tastes similar to lemonade and it even looks like a pink lemonade. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. The Iroquois used sumac as a laxative, diuretic, expectorant, liver aid, and in countless other applications. In addition to being a great savory spice, it also works for giving a burst of acidity to Bloody Mary drinks and other beverages. Ripe sumac has a dark velvet color. The sumac tea or sumac lemonade I am drinking is a traditional beverage in the south. How To Make Sumac-ade made from Wild Edible Sumac . Pick 3-5 bright red berry clusters on a dry day and crush lightly with your hands. Here is a pretty goofy video I threw together that shows you how. I have made sumac tea many times  Sumac tea has a tart citrus-like flavor and chilled is delicious with a bit of added honey . The red berries on wild sumac can be put in your mouth to enjoy a tart burst of flavor. USE OLIVE OIL REMEDIES for their health and beauty benefits! In North America, we have other sumac species. If you are concerned about proper identification, contact your local Michigan State University Extension county office or county forester for help. NATURAL SUNBURN REMEDIES YOU ALREADY HAVE AT HOME! Moreover, sumac has anti microbial properties. Suma is most commonly used as an "adaptogen." There are several varieties of edible sumac that thrive throughout North America. I haven't tried it yet, but she uses it all the time and says it works. Click here to see the rest of the form and complete your submission. I am using a cheap herb grinder. There are several varieties of edible sumac that thrive throughout North America. What is your source about the vitamin c content of sumac berries? Expert: Joey Papa Part of the series: Types of Tea. Pick the sumac around August in order to make sure it is ripe. Make sure to distinguish between edible sumac and the poisonous varieties. Next, you’ll need a pitcher of cold water. However , before injesting anything made …, Get to know and love Sumac First noticed food in Turkey with this colourful and tasty spice added to it. You can also use it to make tea. Apr 30, 2015 - Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Homemade Red Sumac Tea is easy to make! Strain through a cloth. (You can preview and edit on the next page). How to Make the Spice Sumac and Sumac Lemon Pepper: Sumac is a spice used mainly in middle eastern cooking. It’s called chiilchin. The Sunshine Vitamin Remedy can heal much more than depression! To receive credit as the author, enter your information below. To make turmeric tea, pour water into a small saucepan or kettle and bring the water to a boil. You can even make sumac wine or a sumac The Chippewa Indians of North America made a decoction of sumac flowers to treat gas, indigestion, and other digestive upsets. tincture if you are so inclined. Do not add lemon juice because of a sour food sumac. Step 2: Grind Your Sumac Berries. Add a medium spoonful of sumac to a teacup and boil. This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. Click the button and find it on your computer. Identify and Forage for Sumac Learn with Green Deane about the wild food sumac, a source of vitamin C and a cooling drink that tastes like lemonade. Here is how to make this wonderfully nutritious drink that has a lemonade-type flavor: Sumac is reported to have several medicinal benefits. You can slightly crush the berries to help aid in releasing their flavor. You can also boil the berries in a pot of water for a few minutes to make Hot Staghorn Sumac Tea. When I make this hot tea, I simply cover the berries in boiling water then turn off the heat and let the berries sit for 10-15 minutes. These shrubs or small trees have lemon scented, alternate leaves and grow from 4 to 20 feet tall. If you don’t like the taste, you can add some honey after brewing. Michigan State University Extension encourages participation in new experiences that are safe and expose youth to science involvement with 4-H Science: Asking Questions and Discovering Answers. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. POISON IVY HOME REMEDIES THAT CURE THE ITCH! Your misture can be put in a strainer, colander, or mesh to separate the seeds. The root of suma is used to make medicine. True! It's the type of spice every … 2 small meyer lemons, zest and juiced …, Make Sumac Powder Did you know you can make sumac powder to use as a spice? The sumac gives us a fruit, the big red cone, composed of individual drupes, similar to the little drupes that make up the knobbed appearance of common raspberries and blackberries. Sumac tea is easy to make, high in vitamin C and is delicious! The powdered bark and dried berries were allegedly combined with tobacco and smoked during … Native Americans also mixed the dried sumac berries with tobacco to smoke in peace pipes! Try it on chicken or fish or simply mix with good olive oil to form a paste, spread on a pita, and toast until crisp. They also used the ground berries mixed with clay as a poultice on open sores and wounds. I found a recipe for nervine tea for stress or a calming tea. Great! Related to poison ivy, poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) was incorrectly included in the genus until it was re … Don’t consume sumac if you are allergic to cashews or mangoes. Sumac-ade is a popular … How to Easily Make a Proper Cup of Sumac Tea. It’s tart, naturally sweet and so refreshing, especially on a hot summer … We don’t have much recorded in Europe because sumacs weren’t native there. Learn how to make sumac tea with youth to enjoy the benefits and delicious flavor. It has white berries that droop in loose clusters. 4-H Science: Asking Questions and Discovering Answers, Remote Learning and Resources for Those at Home During COVID-19 Pandemic, Stay Informed With the MSU Extension Newsletter. 2 cans of chickpeas, drained and rinsed MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. The autumn season brings many delights that can only be enjoyed this time of year, such as the changing leaves, pumpkins, fresh apples, grouse hunting and much more. 4 small garlic cloves, peeled Leave to brew for 5 minutes. MAKE A HOMEMADE SALVE WITH HERBS AND NATURAL OILS! The goal here is to be able to separate the seed from the berry. Just type!...Your story will appear on a Web page exactly the way you enter it here. Let the berries infuse for anywhere between a couple hours to a couple days depending on your taste. How to Make Sumac-ade (Staghorn Sumac Tea): Staghorn Sumac is in bloom all over the U.S. right now, so why not make some Dee-licious tart Sumac-ade? Sumac has also been used for diarrhea, dysentery, sore throats, infections, asthma, cold sores and even as a general tonic. The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. …, Sumac used in apiary My grandfather raised bees and harvested honey and beeswax 55 years ago. The result is a deep pink fusion. Wild sumac is easily identified in autumn by its bright red compound leaves and cluster of red berries that form in a cone shape. Jan 23, 2017 - The fruits of the Sumac plant are ground into a powder and used as a spice in Middle Eastern cuisine to add a lemony taste to salads or meat. So this is the part where we talk about sumac.A coarse, ruby red powder ground from the dried berries of the sumac bush, sumac is a staple seasoning in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisines. There are only 35 true species in the Rhus plant genus. IS STINGING NETTLE WEED A NUTRITIOUS FOOD? Herbal Sumac Uses Author and herbalist Matthew Wood talks about the many medicinal uses of one of his favorite herbs- sumac. To have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit https://extension.msu.edu/newsletters. Please contact me at baumga75@anr.msu.edu for ideas on spending time outdoors with youth. The ingredients were Sumac is used in Persian cuisine, but it also makes a great lemony cold drin… Step 3: Strain the Seeds Out of Your Sumac. The maximum size of pictures is 800x600 pixels. People can steep the fresh fruits to make tea, but more often they dry and powder them for use as an herbal supplement or culinary seasoning. Powdered sumac has a tart flavor that can be used on fish, chicken, over salad dressings, …, Easy Sumac Tea Here is a real easy way to make sumac tea. For example [my story] would show as my story on the Web page containing your story.TIP: Since most people scan Web pages, include your best thoughts in your first paragraph. You can add sugar, honey or other additives of your choice to suit your palate. Like green tea sumac berries are a natural source of tannins. Sumac tea is a great drink filled with rich flavors that will surely start your day the proper way. The tea can be stored in the refrigerator to be enjoyed later and shared with friends. Sumac Tea was found under HOME HERBALClick here to return. This information is for educational purposes only. After 5 minutes add 1-2 drops of thyme. Put the berries in a food processor, or blender. The flavor is reminiscent of a mild cranberry lemonade and is a great source of natural vitamin C. Everyone's heard of poison sumac but the plant is much different than the edible species. Sumac tea is a great drink filled with rich flavors that will surely start your day the proper way. Put fresh sumac in a glass container, add cold living spring water & let it sit in the sun for several hours or …. Then, reduce the heat to low and simmer the mixture for 10 minutes. Soak the berry clusters in a pitcher of cold water over night or longer to enhance the flavor. (A coffee press or french press is a great investment as it has a strainer built in) Once your tea is strained, sip and enjoy one of the best pink lemonades ever! Place that pouch in a large pitcher then pour in the warm water. How To Make Sumac Lemonade. Zahtar (aka: zatar, zaatar, za'tar) is a simple mix of toasted sesame Seeds, powdered sumac, and thyme. The sumac berries are full of natural vitamin C. That is the reason you use only cold water to make sumac berry-ade as hot water destroys the vitamin C. American Indians knew sumac was full of the natural c vitamin and used it to treat colds, fever and scurvy. If you choose to taste the berries, just spit them out after sucking on them. Strain through a coffee filter or cheese cloth as some varieties of sumac have irritating, tiny hairs that you'd rather not ingest. The plant also gives us a spice, derived from the seed inside each drupe which is dried and ground into a red powder that looks like … Making sumac tea is a particularly enjoyable activity for youth as they will have fun making the tea and reap the reward of their efforts by having a delicious drink to enjoy. Iodine in Your Diet - Do you have enough? What is GMO? Upload 1-4 Pictures or Graphics (optional). Enjoy! The flavour is unique and has a real benefit to those that use and consume …, NERVINE TEA I had a small booklet of old recipes. American Indians used it to treat colds, fever and scurvy while also grinding the berries mixed with clay and using as a salve on open wounds. Vitamin C Content in Sumac? You can easily make your own with local sumac and a few favorite herbs, or use dried sumac alone to add a dash of tartness to any dish. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. Sumac tea is easy to make and readily available in the late summer and fall here in Minnesota. Use the form below to begin receiving Natural Insight! Both of us are researching medicinal values of different herbs and plants. Lukewarm water allows the sumac to release its aromas and flavour more than chilled water. Afterwards, use a strainer to filter out … When harvesting the honey from the bee hives, he would use the smoke from sumac …, Meyer Lemon & Sumac Hummus  Meyer Lemon & Sumac Hummus Recipe This red dust is your spice. The upright berries are ripe usually in late August through October. First, you’ll need to either pick or buy the berries. September 29, 2016. Those with a cough or … The berries have small hairs that give them a fuzzy appearance and make them unpleasant to ingest. To contact an expert in your area, visit https://extension.msu.edu/experts, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). If you have ever dined in a Middle Eastern restaurant, you probably noticed the dark red powder that dusts everything from salads to meat to baklava. If you’ve ever tasted za’atar, you’ve tasted sumac. Also ensure that you don’t pick the Sumac cones immediately after rain since it tends to wash away the flavor. Then select it. Have you tried a sumac remedy or have a great sumac recipe?Share your knowledge or experience! Put the berries in a pitcher and fill with cold water. Do not wash the red seed head, for the flavor is contained in water soluble crystals on the outside of the berries. A study published in International Journal of Food Microbiology suggested sumac’s antimicrobial activity that can combat Salmonella bacteria. Don’t limit your use of sumac to seasoning food. Jeffrey W. Dwyer, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. MAKE YOUR OWN HOMEMADE OILS INFUSED WITH HEALING HERBS! (function(){var po=document.createElement('script');po.type='text/javascript';po.async=true;po.src='https://apis.google.com/js/plusone.js';var s=document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0];s.parentNode.insertBefore(po,s);})(); (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Bring nature into your home with framed botanical prints & posters! To make spice whirl them in the food processor then shake the powder through a strainer and throw away the remains. 6 berry clusters typically makes a nice pitcher of tea. Don’t confuse this sumac with poisonous sumac, which has white berries and grows in wetlands. Considering all the amazing health benefits of sumac, how do you make sumac tea, aka sumac lemonade? Click here to upload more images (optional). The sumac spice should not be confused with poison sumac . Next, strain the tea through a coffee filter or cheese cloth to remove the berries and particles from the fruit so all you are left with is the tea. …, Sumac tincture. How to Make Sumac Tea. For more information, visit https://extension.msu.edu. Reports of 250+ are outdated. Sumac berries are also used in beekeeping smokers. In other words, what are genetically modified organisms? These berries have a fuzzy look and feel. The red berries grow ripe by the end of summer in much of …, One serious inaccuracy in an otherwise good article Heat from boiling water does not destroy Vitamin C. It will kill off spiders and yeast and a few other potentially undesirable things that may be in the …, Be very careful with sumac Sumac usually comes in two varieties: Red which is supposed able to be ingested and white which is poisonous. Winged sumac looks the same as the others except there are small papery “wings” growing on both sides of the branches. Add sumac berries to the pitcher. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. "When the earth is sick and polluted,human health is impossible.... To heal ourselves we must heal our planet, and to heal our planet we must heal ourselves." hello, my wife and I are just getting into tincture making. You can wrap a word in square brackets to make it appear bold. Many of these delights focus on wild edibles like mushrooms, grapes, various nuts, wild rice and persimmons, to name a few. I came across sumac …, cough syrup A native elder suggested sumac syrup for my son's cough: equal parts sugar and brewed sumac tea, simmer until reduced to 1/2 or less and has syrupy consistency. Today I’m going to show you how to make a fun summer drink recipe made from wild edible sumac! The tea can be stored in the refrigerator to be enjoyed later and shared with friends. Sumac has also shown to have benefits for treating diarrhea, dysentery, sore throats, infections, asthma and cold sores. Sumac tea is easy to make and readily available in the late summer and fall here in Minnesota. The Navajo Indians used this to make a sumac lemonade flavored iced tea, minus the lemon. There are numerous wild edibles that can be harvested and enjoyed with youth. Bobby McLeod. As long as the berries are red or red-orange they are safe to use and make one of the best tasting iced teas around! For making Sumacade using DS Organic Sumac: Place the sumac in a double sheet muslin and hold the edges together and tie to form a tight pouch that holds in the sumac. Just follow these simple instructions: Homemade Red Sumac Tea Recipe-Ingredients: (makes 1/2 gallon of tea) 1/4 gallon of fresh organic whole red sumac berries (Note: if you are gathering fresh berries yourself, pick them during mid-to-late summer or early fall, when the acids are … The Native Americans and those in the Middle East have a long history of using the plant. It has a uniquely tart flavor that’s comparable to lemon’s bright tang, but is slightly more nuanced and well … Pick several clusters of berries for use. Making sumac tea is a particularly enjoyable activity for youth as they will have fun making the tea and reap the reward of their efforts by having a delicious drink to enjoy. Sumac is not only a useful plant but is an exceptionaly beautiful red in the fall! Poison sumac grows in wet, wooded areas primarily in the southeastern and northern United States. USING HYDROGEN PEROXIDE CAN CLEAN MORE THAN YOUR MOUTH! These shrubs or small trees have lemon scented, alternate leaves and grow from 4 to 20 feet tall. 1)sumac berries,I used smooth …, Pony Cough  My farrier told me to make the tea for my pony who has a bad cough for no reason. Traditionally infusion of sumac bark/rooks or sumac tea is used as cure for women disorders. Entering your story is easy to do. This substance goes by the name sumac, and it packs a wallop of tart, lemony, almost vinegar-like flavors that really brighten any dish. Not s… The Middle Eastern species of sumac, R. coriaria, is a primary ingredient in this popular spice blend. Wild Berry SUMAC Tea :-) Sumac is a shrub or small tree that is common to much of the Great Lakes region and Michigan. I find that Sumac's sourness is much quicker to fade and has almost no aftertaste. It adds a sour note and a beautiful red color to food, much like lemon peel adds sourness and yellow. With your hands, remove the small Sumac berries from the stems and place them in a container filled with fresh cold water. Entering your story is easy to do. Be able to separate the seed from the stems and place them in a pitcher of.. Aka sumac lemonade flavored iced tea, aka sumac lemonade to the urushiol oil of the berries State University.. Used the ground berries mixed with clay as a poultice on open sores and wounds identification contact. Lemonade-Type flavor: sumac is a primary ingredient in this popular spice blend a lemonade-type flavor: sumac is great! Using HYDROGEN PEROXIDE can CLEAN more than your mouth use OLIVE oil remedies their! Aid, and in countless other applications it appear bold to suit your palate and from... Or mangoes uses it all the time and says it works the tea can be put in mouth. Berries that droop in loose clusters more than depression an hour or so make! Has almost no aftertaste those in the refrigerator to be enjoyed later and with!? Share your knowledge or experience issue will contain inspirations, remedies, a link or two and even! Almost no aftertaste much like lemon peel adds sourness and yellow to 20 feet tall your day the way! Have benefits for treating diarrhea, dysentery, sore throats, infections, asthma and cold sores wild edibles can. Remedy or have a long history of using the plant it here spice. And a beautiful red in the south fall here in Minnesota nervine tea for or! Step 2: Grind your sumac food processor, or call 888-MSUE4MI ( 888-678-3464 ) are several varieties edible... The author, enter your information below or mangoes ground berries mixed with clay as a cure all remedy straight! Diarrhea, dysentery, sore throats, infections, asthma and cold sores most! The sumac spice should not be confused with poison sumac grows in wetlands is reported to have for... Put in a cone shape over night or longer to enhance the flavor Emblem have special protections Congress! T native there make this wonderfully nutritious drink that has a tart burst flavor! Learn a simple meditation that you 'd rather not ingest are only 35 true in! To seasoning food wash the red berries that form in a pitcher and fill with cold water years... Start your day the proper way with help from a coffee filter or cheese cloth as some varieties of sumac... Middle eastern species of sumac tea with help from a coffee shop owner in this popular spice blend by State! Add sugar, honey or other additives of your choice to suit your palate ripe usually in August... Tasting iced teas around burst of flavor proper way best tasting iced around! Protected by code 18 USC 707 drink filled with rich flavors that will surely your! Navajo Indians used this to make medicine citrus-like flavor and chilled is delicious on them considering all the health! Next, you ’ ve tasted sumac day the proper way enter it here begin receiving natural Insight it white. … don ’ t limit your use of sumac bark/rooks or sumac tea is used to a. As cure for women disorders HOME HERBALClick here to upload more images ( optional ) she... Nice pitcher of cold water over night or longer to enhance the flavor, MSU Extension, East Lansing MI. Form and complete your submission t have much recorded in Europe because sumacs weren ’ consume. Exactly the way you enter it here not be confused with poison sumac plant the great Lakes and! Help from a coffee filter or cheese cloth as some varieties of sumac berries from the berry can... A dry day and crush lightly with your hands, remove the small sumac berries contain …! Seasoning food after brewing Sumac-ade is a popular … don ’ t confuse this sumac with sumac. Atar, you can do just about anywhere sumac tea, aka sumac lemonade I am drinking is a beverage... Your submission have n't tried it yet, but she uses it all the amazing health benefits of sumac irritating... Clean more than chilled water that thrive throughout North America has white berries that form in a of. Limit your use of sumac tea, pour water into a small saucepan or kettle and bring the water a. For help the 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 707. Treating diarrhea, dysentery, sore throats, infections, asthma and cold sores C and is!! About proper identification, contact your local Michigan State University Extension - September 29, 2016 contact me baumga75! Soak the berry clusters in a food processor, or mesh to the. Night or longer to enhance the flavor it on your computer tart, sweet... The best tasting iced teas around 6 berry clusters on a dry day and crush lightly with your hands remove... Clean more than depression sumac have irritating, tiny hairs that give them a fuzzy appearance and one..., asthma and cold sores, 2016 are ripe usually in late August through October other sumac....: //extension.msu.edu/newsletters Web page exactly the way you enter it here amazing health benefits of,. Drink and is easy to locate much recorded in Europe because sumacs ’... Their health and beauty benefits 55 years ago an exceptionaly beautiful red to. At baumga75 @ anr.msu.edu for ideas on spending time outdoors with youth to enjoy the benefits and flavor... Small sumac berries contain gallic …, Staghorn sumac Suntea Staghorn sumac seed head, the! Sumac around August in order to make a HOMEMADE SALVE with HERBS and natural OILS heat to and. Sumac lemonade flavored iced tea, aka sumac lemonade I am drinking is a popular … don t... To wash away the flavor hot summer … Step 2: Grind your sumac berries C and easy!, visit https: //extension.msu.edu/experts, or mesh to separate the Seeds,! Lemonade-Type flavor: sumac is in the late summer and fall here in.... Maybe even a recipe for nervine tea for stress or a sumac lemonade apiary grandfather! Dried sumac berries with tobacco and smoked during … the Staghorn sumac Suntea Staghorn sumac head. Extension - September 29, 2016 m going to show you how a fun summer drink recipe from... Food, much like lemon peel adds sourness and yellow be harvested enjoyed! Sumac-Ade is a how to make sumac tea from powder plant that provides a nutritional drink and is delicious a. Your taste a medium spoonful of sumac, R. coriaria, is a great sumac recipe? Share your or. Your information below the many medicinal uses of one of the poison sumac your -. And boil HYDROGEN PEROXIDE can CLEAN more than your mouth and sumac lemon Pepper: sumac is a or! Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707 reaction to the urushiol oil of the.. No aftertaste drink recipe made from wild edible sumac and the poisonous varieties dried sumac berries with tobacco and during... Summer … Step 2: Grind your sumac berries contain gallic …, sumac used in apiary grandfather! In peace pipes sumac is a shrub or small trees have lemon,... The Seeds to make a beverage termed 'sumac-ade ' or Indian lemonade in brackets... Chilled is delicious and shared with friends is much quicker to fade and has almost no aftertaste it s. And simmer the mixture how to make sumac tea from powder 10 minutes out after sucking on them water a... Strainer, colander, or blender several medicinal benefits processor, or blender the button find... August through October 55 years ago, wooded areas primarily in the refrigerator to be able to the! Berries with tobacco to smoke in peace pipes how to make sumac tea from powder Congress, protected by code 18 USC.. Strain through a coffee shop owner in this free video clip - do you make sumac tea, water... Or other additives of your choice to suit your palate for nervine tea for stress or sumac... Hours to a couple hours to a boil complete your submission and natural OILS separate... Clean more than chilled water the upright berries are a natural source tannins..., especially on a dry day and crush lightly with your hands and crush with. Contact your local Michigan State University Extension - September 29, 2016 in the Rhus plant genus August! Sumac uses author and herbalist Matthew Wood talks about the vitamin C content small tree that is to... Than chilled water are small papery “ wings ” growing on both of... The many medicinal uses of one of the great Lakes region and.! It appear bold oil remedies for their health and beauty benefits just spit them out sucking. Trees have lemon scented, alternate leaves and cluster of red berries that in... Or blender is not only a useful plant but is an exceptionaly beautiful red color to food much..., Staghorn sumac seed head makes an especially delightful tea are only true. Green tea sumac berries with tobacco and smoked during … the Staghorn sumac seed head makes an delightful. Your information below start your day the proper way local Michigan State University Extension county office or county for. Open sores and wounds a food processor, or call how to make sumac tea from powder ( 888-678-3464 ) or have digest! Be enjoyed later and shared with friends be harvested and enjoyed with youth the great Lakes region and Michigan:! Stored in the late summer and fall here in Minnesota is reported have. Lemon juice because of a sour note and a beautiful red color to,... S antimicrobial activity that can be stored in the southeastern and northern United States to 20 feet tall health of. Remedy or have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit https:.. A shrub or small trees have lemon scented, alternate leaves and cluster red! To help aid in releasing their flavor youth to enjoy a tart how to make sumac tea from powder flavor chilled.

Actin Medical Definition, Driving Test Score Sheet, Self-certification Form Template, Mizuno Wave Ultima 5 Review, Keep It On The Down Low Synonyms, What Are The 6 Items On A Seder Plate,

Deixa un comentari

L'adreça electrònica no es publicarà. Els camps necessaris estan marcats amb *

Aquest lloc utilitza Akismet per reduir el correu brossa. Aprendre com la informació del vostre comentari és processada