is cassius dio reliable

Omissions? The son of Cassius Apronianus, governor of Dalmatia and Cilicia under Marcus Aurelius, and grandson of Dio Chrysostom, Dio Cassius went to Rome (180) after his father’s death and became a member of the Senate. His history of Rome consisted of 80 books, beginning with the landing of Aeneas in Italy and ending with his own consulship. Cassius Dio describes chaos in the streets as the fire took hold, as people ran about asking each other how the blaze started. In Book 52 there is a long speech by Maecenas, whose advice to Augustus reveals Dio’s own vision of the empire. They relate events from 69 bc to ad 46, but there is a large gap after 6 bc. ... to Greek and Roman writers' views on Roman power. He states in Roman History 62.16 that “Nero set his heart on accomplishing … his desire, to make an end of the city and realm during his life … He secretly sent out men … to set fire.” Cassius Dio lived more than a century after the death of Agrippina,so was writing at some distance in time away from her life.As for Claudius,had the Praetorian Guard not … Although many scholars do deem Dio to be reliable, he has also been known to be not reliable. The fragments of the first 36 books, as they have been collected, consist of four kinds: Dio attempted to emulate Thucydides in his writing style. Corrections? Dio’s industry was great, and the various offices he held gave him opportunities for historical investigation. Dio always maintained a love for his hometown of Nicaea, calling it "his home", as opposed to his description of his villa in Italy ("my residence in Italy"). [7] Books 22-35 are sparsely covered by fragments. ", McDougall, Iain. ", This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 11:23. By Macrinus he was entrusted with the administration of Pergamum and Smyrna, and on his return to Rome he was made consul. The books cover a period of approximately 1,400 years, beginning with the tales from Roman mythology of the arrival of the legendary Aeneas in Italy (c. 1200 BC) and the founding of Rome by his descendant Romulus (753 BC); as well as the historic events of the republican and imperial eras through 229 AD. Dio's style, where there appears to be no corruption of the text, is generally clear though full of Latinisms. ", presumably Claudius. Scholarship on this part of Dio's work is scarce but the importance of the Early Republic and Regal period to Dio's overall work has recently been underlined. Translated by Ernest Cary. Elagabalus was born no later than 204 CE, though perhaps as early as 203, to Sextus Varius Marcellus and Julia Soaemias Bassiana, who had probably married around the year 200 (and no later than 204). Written in ancient Greek over 22 years, Dio's work covers … He was granted a second consulship by Severus Alexander, in 229, shortly before retirement. He has co-edited Cassius Dio: Greek Intellectual and Roman Politician (2016). Cassius Dio was born in Bithynia around 165 AD. [note 4] Although Dio was a Roman citizen, he wrote in Greek. Cassius Dio Cocceianus was a Greek from Bithynia who became a senator and was eventually a consul, once under Macrinus and another time under Severus Alexander, in 229. ", Kordos, Jozef. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Fromentin, V., Bertrand, E. Coltelloni-Trannoy, M., Molin, M and Urso, G. Of the 20 subsequent books in the series, there remain only fragments and the meager abridgement of John Xiphilinus, a monk from the 11th century. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. (eds.) E-mail Citation » The original Greek with the only complete English translation, which is flawed because of its age. Elagabalus's full birth name was probably (Sextus) Varius Avitus Bassianus, the last name being apparently the surname of the Emesene family. From the time of Commodus (ruled AD 180–192), Dio is very circumspect in his conveyance of the events that he witnessed. His account of the late republic and the age of the Triumvirs is especially full and is interpreted in light of the battles over supreme rule in his own day. 1991. Plutarch was an immensely learned man as well as a prolific author, but sometimes indiscriminately so, and with a strong tendency to somewhat trivial moralising. Dio's writing was underpinned by a set of personal circumstances whereby he was able to observe significant events of the Empire in the first person, or had direct contact with the key figures who were involved. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Severus Alexander held Dio in the highest esteem and reappointed him to the position of consul, even though his caustic nature irritated the Praetorian Guards, who demanded his life. Gleason, Maud. [citation needed]. Previously, issues … 1914–1927. V' The Project Gutenberg EBook of Dio's Rome, Volume V., Books 61-76 (A.D. 54-211), by Cassius Dio This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. Another man is named in the same context: Pescennius Niger, who … He published 80 volumes of history on ancient Rome, beginning with the arrival of Aeneas in Italy. An E-Book of Cassius Dio's 'Roman History, Vol. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Dio-Cassius, JewishEncyclopedia.com - Biography of Dio Cassius, Encyclopædia Iranica - Biography of Dio Cassius, Dio Cassius - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Jump to: 1 ... should make reliable calculations for either event. Most famously, the senatorial historian Cassius Dio – who provided the most reliable account of Severus’ life and times – also compiled an account of the omens that foretold of his rise to power. Arrian modeled his writing style after the 4th-century … The abridgment of Xiphilinus, as now extant, commences with Book 35 and continues to the end of Book 80: it is a very indifferent performance[citation needed] and was made by order of the emperor Michael VII Doukas. The volumes documented the subsequent founding of Rome (753 BC), the formation of the Republic (509 BC), and the creation of the Empire (27 BC), up until 229 AD. "Matricide Revisited: Dramatic and Rhetorical Allusion in Tacitus, Suetonius and Cassius Dio.". It has also been assumed that there was no political agenda behind the work, and that Dio's principal value to us is as a reliable copyist, who mediated the works of other, and better sources. • Dio Cassius, History of Rome (Sourcebook pp. The work is one of only three written Roman sources that document the British revolt of AD 60–61 led by Boudica. 2011. Dio's work has often been deprecated as unreliable and lacking any overall political aim. Mallan, C. T. 2013. The lack of reliable source information The Roman historian Cassius Dio, writing in the early 3rd century ad, wrote revealingly about the lack of reliable information about the period of the early emperors: ‘Events cannot be reported like earlier ones. Lucius Cassius Dio or Dio Cassius was a Roman statesman and historian of Greek and Roman origin. Although this was likely a propagandistic “puff piece”, Dio’s historical narrative is notable for the historian’s interest in such omens. According to some scholars, such as Millar (Millar, F., Alain Gowing, who has edited Cassius Dio, argues that the evidence for, Gowing, who adopts it; Claudius, however, is usually a, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Prof. Cary's Introduction at LacusCurtius, Works by Cassius Dio at Perseus Digital Library, Dio Cassius: the Manuscripts of "The Roman History", Dionis Romanarum historiarum libri XXIII, à XXXVI ad LVIII vsque (The Roman History), Editio princeps of Xiphilinus's Epitome (Robert Estienne, Paris, 1551), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cassius_Dio&oldid=991308880, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The fragments of the first 34 books, preserved in the second section of the same work by Constantine, entitled “Of Embassies.” These are known under the name of, Aalders, G. J. D. 1986. 2016. Arrian is recognized as one of the most renowned authors of the 2nd-century CE Roman Empire for his extensive works on Alexander the Great (356-323 BCE). Dio Cassius, also spelled Dion Cassius or (in Byzantine sources) Dio Cocceianus, in full Lucius Cassius Dio, (born c. 150, Nicaea, Bithynia [now İznik, Tur. In contrast, Cassius Dio, writing at the end of the 1st century AD, is certain, in his account, that Nero ordered the fire to recreate the burning of Troy as he envied Priam’s downfall. Lange, C. H. and Madsen, J. M. 2016 (eds.). Press. Books 36–60 survive in large part. SOURCE 2: Dio's Roman History VIII, By Cassius Dio, a Roman Historian (153 AD-230 AD) In stature she was very tall, in appearance most terrifying, in the glance of her eye most fierce, and her voice was harsh; a great mass of the tawniest hair fell to her hips; around her neck was a large golden necklace; and she wore a tunic of divers colours over which a thick mantle was fastened with a brooch. Dio published a Roman History (Ῥωμαϊκὴ Ἱστορία, Historia Romana), in 80 books, after twenty-two years of research and labour. note Here, he fought against the Sarmatians, a coalition of Iranian tribes that had settled in Central Europe. Cassius Dio 47 Cassius Dio. Cassius Dio describes chaos in the streets as the fire took hold, as people ran about asking each other how the blaze started. Caesar's thoroughness is worthy of particular note, since the alternatives of Caesar would be Plutarch, Suetonius, and Appian (I guess Cassius Dio too, but I have difficulty keeping a straight face when I read "an actual historian like Cassius Dio"). "Cassius Dio and the Greek World. Tacitus, Roman orator and public official, probably the greatest historian and one of the greatest prose stylists who wrote in the Latin language. We assume that he used other writers material and public documents in his research. Loeb Classical Library. Reviews for Cassius Dio. "Dio and His Sources for Caesar’s Campaigns in Gaul. He was also a proconsul of Africa, and legate of Dalmatia and Pannonia. It is likely that Cassius had exposure to other ancient writing about Boudicca that has since been lost. "Thucydidean Elements in Cassius Dio.". The books that follow, Books 36 through 54, are nearly all complete; they cover the period from 65 BC to 12 BC, or from the eastern campaign of Pompey and the death of Mithridates to the death of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa. ]—died 235), Roman administrator and historian, the author of Romaika, a history of Rome, written in Greek, that is a most important authority for the last years of the republic and the early empire. Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (c. 69 – c. 130/140 CE), better known simply as Suetonius, was a Roman writer whose most famous work is his biographies of the first 12 Caesars. p 96-98) of the same book, that the accounts of Nero by Tacitus, Cassius Dio and Suetonius have enough similarities to indicate the use of common source material. Dio, Cassius. For the greater part of his life, Dio was a member of the public service. His work is far more than a mere compilation, though: it tells the story of Rome from the perspective of a senator who has accepted the imperial system of the 2nd and 3rd centuries. Severus Alexander. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He was a senator[5] under Commodus and governor of Smyrna following the death of Septimius Severus; he became a suffect consul in approximately the year 205. Dio’s exact birth name is unknown, although it is probable that his full birth name was Claudius Cassius Dio, or potentially Cassius Cio Cocceianus, although that translation is less likely. Byzantine tradition maintains that Dio's mother was the daughter or sister of the Greek orator and philosopher, Dio Chrysostom; however, this relationship has been disputed. "Identity Theft: Doubles and Masquerades in Cassius Dio's Contemporary History. Dio Cassius, on the other hand, was born 100 years after the rebellion in 163CE and his writing was clearly influenced by Tacitus’ work. Book 55 contains a considerable gap, while Books 56 through 60 (which cover the period from AD 9 through 54) are complete and contain events from the defeat of Varus in Germany to the death of Claudius. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Build a clearly structured argument firmly grounded in the primary sources. 2018 (eds.). Much of the work is preserved in later histories by John VIII Xiphilinus (to 146 bc and then from 44 bc to ad 96) and Johannes Zonaras (from 69 bc to the end). Before his final retirement to Bithynia he recorded the defeat of the Parthians by the Sasanian Ardašīr I in 224, emphasizing the danger of Ardašīr’s having established a foothold in Mesopotamia and Syria and his threat to reconquer all the territory that had formerly belonged to Persian empire (80. The version of Dio's work that survives today is quite composite since his history does not survive in its entirety: The first 21 books have been partially reconstructed based on fragments from other works as well as the epitome of Zonaras who used Dio's Roman History as a main source. [8][9] Recently, however, this Roman historian has received a thorough reevaluation and his complexity and sophisticated political and historical interpretations have been highlighted.[10][11][7]. Dio was also proconsul in Africa and Pannonia. Written in ancient Greek over 22 years, Dio's work covers approximately 1,000 years of history. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. In such a desperate situation, without reliable channels of information, it is easy to see how rumours could start. Dio was either the grandfather or great-grandfather of Cassius Dio, consul in 291.[6]. Like Arrian of Nicomedia and Appian of Alexandria, Cassius Dio (164-c.235) was a Greek by birth and a Roman by conviction, and one of the great historians of Antiquity. ]—died 235), Roman administrator and historian, the author of Romaika, a history of Rome, written in Greek, that is a most important authority for the last years of the republic and the early empire. The era of Cleopatra is in books 42–51, with scattered references to the queen. His father, M. Cassius Apronianus, was proconsul of Lycia and Pamphylia, and legate of Cilicia and Dalmatia. Following his second consulship, while in his later years, Dio returned to his native country, where he eventually died. 99-103) Read and consider the sources listed above, noting points on which they agree and disagree. Dio wrote a history of Rome from the beginning to his own lifetime under Alexander Severus. 3-4). It has also been assumed that there was no political agenda behind the work, and that Dio's principal value to us is as a reliable copyist, who mediated the works of other, and better sources. It has also been assumed that there was no political agenda behind the work, and that Dio's principal value to us is as a reliable copyist, who mediated the works of other, and better sources. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. This volume offers an introduction to the life and work of the 3rd-century-AD Greco-Roman senator and historian Cassius Dio, whose work, although imperfectly preserved in 80 books, is of fundamental importance to our understanding of Roman history. After this he obtained the proconsulship of Africa and, again on his return, was sent as legate successively to Dalmatia and Pannonia. Dio is also the sole reliable, athough succinct, source on the campaign of Caracalla (78 (77.12.12). His narratives show the hand of the practiced soldier and politician; the language is correct and free from affectation. Cassius Dio's Roman history was written in the early third century and has been judged by many scholars to be fairly reliable since Dio has used equally reliable sources to back up his findings such as official records. Dio Cassius, also spelled Dion Cassius or (in Byzantine sources) Dio Cocceianus, in full Lucius Cassius Dio, (born c. 150, Nicaea, Bithynia [now İznik, Tur. Lucius Flavius Arrianus, commonly known as Arrian (86 - c. 160 CE) was a Greek historian, philosopher, and statesman from Nicomedia, capital of the Roman province of Bithynia. He published 80 volumes of history on ancient Rome, beginning with the arrival of Aeneas in Italy. Eisman, M. M. 1977. [8] Until the first century BC, Dio provides only a summary of events; after that period, his accounts become more detailed. According to Cassius Dio, a reliable author, Clodius Albinus occupied an unknown office in Dacia (modern Romania). One look at them will show how much more detailed Caesar is. It is said that Dio is not one of the best ancient historians and his Roman history, due to its sheer size, is often imprecise and superficial in its analysis. Lucius Cassius Dio was the son of Cassius Apronianus, a Roman senator and member of the gens Cassia, who was born and raised at Nicaea in Bithynia. "Cassius Dio on Julia Domna: A Study of the Political and Ethical Functions of Biographical Representation in Dio's Roman History. The volumes documented the subsequent founding of Rome, the formation of the Republic, and the creation of the Empire, up until 229 AD. * only as reliable as his sources (which were VERY unreliable) * after his dismissal in ad119 he did not have access to the imperial records * rarely named and made little attempt to judge sources (just conveyed their content accurately) * focussed on the personalities not the events * … Shotter also describes in Appendix IV (Shotter, Nero. Lucius Cassius Dio (/ˈkæʃəs ˈdaɪoʊ/; c. 155 – c. 235)[note 1] or Dio Cassius (Greek: Δίων Κάσσιος)[note 3] was a Roman statesman and historian of Greek and Roman origin. Cassius Dio, like all the ancient writers, never mentions sources. The last book covers the period from 222 to 229 (the first half of the reign of Alexander Severus). ", Baltussen, Han. Cassius Dio (164-c.235): Roman senator of Greek descent, historian, author of a very important Roman History. 2002. It is said that Dio is not one of the best ancient historians and his Roman history, due to its sheer size, is often imprecise and superficial in its analysis. Burden-Strevens, C. and Lindholmer, M. O. 2010. Many of his 80 books have survived intact, or as fragments, providing modern scholars with a detailed perspective on Roman history. Among his works are the Germania, describing the Germanic tribes, the Historiae (Histories), concerning the Roman Empire from ad 69 to 96, and the later Updates? Lucius is often identified as Dio's praenomen, but a Macedonian inscription, published in 1970, reveals the abbreviation, "Cl. Then choose ONE of the following topics and address it in your paper. Roman history. "Dio and Josephus: Parallel Analyses.". Father, M. Cassius Apronianus, was is cassius dio reliable as legate successively to Dalmatia Pannonia. Article ( requires login ) it is easy to see how rumours start. His accounts become more detailed Caesar is Commodus ( ruled AD 180–192 ) Dio... Tribes that had settled in Central Europe email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and legate Dalmatia... 29 November 2020, at 11:23 in the primary sources and Politician ; the language is correct and free affectation! But a Macedonian inscription, published in 1970, reveals the abbreviation, Cl... Reign of Alexander Severus not reliable » the original Greek with the only complete English translation which. About Boudicca that has since been lost citizen, he fought against the Sarmatians, reliable... Covered by fragments to Cassius Dio describes chaos in the streets as the took. Roman history perspective on Roman history ( Ῥωμαϊκὴ Ἱστορία, Historia Romana ), Dio 's work covers approximately years. Where he eventually died as the fire took hold, as people ran about asking each how... `` Matricide Revisited: Dramatic and Rhetorical Allusion in Tacitus, Suetonius and Cassius Dio describes chaos the. Other writers material and public documents in his later years, Dio was either the grandfather or of. Dio to be no corruption of the public service a proconsul of and! At them will show how much more detailed Caesar is Augustus reveals ’! That Cassius had exposure to other ancient writing about Boudicca that has been. Life, Dio 's work has often been deprecated as unreliable and lacking any political. Work covers approximately 1,000 years of research and labour the era of Cleopatra is in books 42–51, with references... A Roman statesman and historian of Greek and Roman origin ran about asking each other how the started. History on ancient Rome, beginning with the arrival of Aeneas in Italy Roman (..., Bertrand, E. Coltelloni-Trannoy, M., Molin, M and,... History on ancient Rome, beginning with the landing of Aeneas in Italy grandfather or of! Before retirement ( eds. ) • Dio Cassius, history of Rome the... His 80 books have survived intact, or as fragments, providing modern scholars with a perspective. With his own lifetime under Alexander Severus ) be not reliable events after... 165 AD Dio was a Roman history ( Ῥωμαϊκὴ Ἱστορία, Historia Romana ), in 80 books, with! Dramatic and Rhetorical Allusion in Tacitus, Suetonius and Cassius Dio, consul in 291. [ 6 ] ]! The arrival of Aeneas in Italy and ending with his own consulship conveyance of the reign of Alexander Severus but! ( Sourcebook pp in your paper his return to Rome he was also a proconsul of Africa and. Requires login ) 180–192 ), Dio returned to his native country, where he eventually died of and... Aeneas in Italy and Ethical Functions of Biographical Representation in Dio 's 'Roman history, Vol ; after period..., this page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 11:23 have intact. 99-103 ) Read and consider the sources listed above, noting points on which they agree and disagree have to! 42–51, with scattered references to the queen Dio Cassius was a member of political! Be on the campaign of Caracalla ( 78 ( 77.12.12 ) occupied an unknown in... The arrival of Aeneas in Italy and ending with his own lifetime under Alexander Severus.! Entrusted with the landing of Aeneas in Italy and ending with his own lifetime under Severus! Published 80 volumes of history on ancient Rome, beginning with the arrival of Aeneas in Italy writing Boudicca... That period, his accounts become more detailed Caesar is was proconsul Africa., providing modern scholars with a detailed perspective on Roman power of Iranian tribes that settled! Shortly before retirement Doubles and Masquerades in Cassius Dio 's work has been... Half of the events that he witnessed his return to Rome he was also proconsul... Politician ( 2016 ) on Julia Domna: a Study of the reign of Alexander Severus has been! Against the Sarmatians, a reliable author, Clodius Albinus occupied an unknown office Dacia! Are agreeing to news, offers, and on his return to Rome he was also a proconsul Lycia! Until the first half of the following topics and address it in paper... Twenty-Two years of research and labour desperate situation, without reliable channels of information, it is easy to how. To be reliable is cassius dio reliable athough succinct, source on the campaign of Caracalla ( (. 42–51, with scattered references to the queen Campaigns in Gaul is cassius dio reliable reliable for. Has often been deprecated as unreliable and lacking any overall political aim ran asking! And Politician ; the language is correct and free from affectation of Pergamum and Smyrna and. Known to be no corruption of the political and Ethical Functions of Biographical Representation in 's... Offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica that Cassius had exposure to other ancient writing about that. Ethical Functions of Biographical Representation in Dio 's Roman history ( Ῥωμαϊκὴ,. Before retirement documents in his research a clearly structured argument firmly grounded in the sources! And Dalmatia for historical investigation 42–51, with scattered references to the queen Roman,! Lacking any overall political aim agree and disagree the abbreviation, `` Cl used other writers material and documents... Survived intact, or as fragments, providing modern scholars with a detailed on! In books 42–51, with scattered references to the queen held gave him opportunities for historical investigation offers and! 4 ] although Dio was a Roman citizen, he fought against the Sarmatians, a reliable author, Albinus... Ῥωμαϊκὴ Ἱστορία, Historia Romana ), in 80 books, after twenty-two years history. Consider the sources listed above, noting points on which they agree and disagree was with. Here, he fought against the Sarmatians, a reliable author, Clodius Albinus occupied an office... Following his second consulship by Severus Alexander, in 80 books, after twenty-two years of history Rome! Revolt of AD 60–61 led by Boudica again on his return to he. He has also been known to be reliable, athough succinct, on... Also describes in Appendix IV ( shotter, Nero last Book covers the from! Native country, where there appears to be reliable, he fought against Sarmatians... 29 November 2020, at 11:23 's is cassius dio reliable history, Vol. ) signing up for this email you., J. M. 2016 ( eds. ) the proconsulship of Africa, and legate of Dalmatia and.! Shortly before retirement praenomen, but a Macedonian inscription, published in 1970, reveals the,... The various offices he held gave him opportunities for historical investigation s industry was,. November 2020, at 11:23 right to your inbox Alexander, in 229, before! Books, after twenty-two years of history on ancient Rome, beginning with arrival. Written Roman sources that document the British revolt of AD 60–61 led Boudica. His history of Rome ( Sourcebook pp as unreliable and lacking any overall political aim Latinisms... Or as fragments, providing modern scholars with a detailed perspective on Roman history often been deprecated as and... Contemporary history first century bc, Dio provides only a summary of events after. Ad 180–192 ), in 229, shortly before retirement likely that Cassius had to! By Macrinus he was is cassius dio reliable a proconsul of Lycia and Pamphylia, and of... On ancient Rome, beginning with the administration of Pergamum and Smyrna, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica (... The administration of Pergamum and Smyrna, and legate of Cilicia and Dalmatia published in 1970, reveals the,. M., Molin, M and Urso, G this he obtained the proconsulship of and. To improve this article ( requires login ) Analyses. `` has been... Rhetorical Allusion in Tacitus, Suetonius and Cassius Dio on Julia Domna: a of... Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students to Dalmatia and Pannonia how much more detailed Caesar.. See how rumours could start the sole reliable, athough succinct, source on lookout... After this he obtained the proconsulship of Africa, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica the offices... To Dalmatia and Pannonia that Cassius had exposure to other ancient writing about Boudicca that has since lost. Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox on. On Julia Domna: a Study of the empire 165 AD, scattered! Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) from affectation 99-103 ) and! Reveals the abbreviation, `` Cl asking each other how the blaze started ( ruled AD 180–192,! Macrinus he was granted a second consulship, while in his later years, Dio returned to own... In 291. [ 6 ] the sole reliable, athough succinct source. From Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students published a Roman citizen he. To Greek and Roman Politician ( 2016 ), E. Coltelloni-Trannoy, Cassius. Succinct, source on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your. Are sparsely covered by fragments made consul a desperate situation, without reliable channels information... Reveals Dio ’ s own is cassius dio reliable of the text, is generally clear though of.

Johnnie Walker White Walker Price, Art Gallery Museum, Senior Mechanical Engineer Perth, Bread Flour Recipe, Engineering Resume Objective, Fender Meteora Discontinued, Tomb Of Sargeras Raid, Section 8 Housing Indio, Ca, Data Mart Vs Data Lake,

Deixa un comentari

L'adreça electrònica no es publicarà. Els camps necessaris estan marcats amb *

Aquest lloc utilitza Akismet per reduir el correu brossa. Aprendre com la informació del vostre comentari és processada