mealybug host plants

There are many different types of Mealy bugs but they all look similar and the cure is the same. Host plants of cotton mealybug (Phenacoccus solenopsis): A new menace to cotton agro-ecosystems of Punjab, Pakistan. Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) and a wide range of other cultivated plants (e.g. exp. In temperate regions of the world this mealybug poses a problem in greenhouse horticulture, and in the tropics and sub-tropics on outdoor crops. Closely related to whiteflies, aphids and scale insects. The mealybug has been recognized as a pest of citrus and ornamental plants in Europe since 1813 (where it is called the greenhouse mealybug) and in the United States since 1879. Major hosts plants of the long-tailed mealybug are citrus, taro, avocado, guava, eggplant and grapevine. The striped mealybug, Ferrisia virgata Cockerell, is a small insect that is a pest of a broad range of plants. A new mealy bug (Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley) appeared recently and has attained the status of a serious pest on a wide range of host plants. Some species of glasshouse mealybug feed on plant roots, most of these are Rhizoecus species and are also confined to glasshouse and house plants. Wide variety of host plants. Biology Its name is derived from the long (3 to 4 mm) waxy filaments extending from the rear of adult females. sci. These are not seen unless the plants are dug up and roots exposed. Appearance and effect . Host plants. There are 2 main types of Mealy bugs found in Ontario: citrus (Planococcus citri) long tailed (Pseudococcus longispinus) Citrus Mealybugs are found on Ornamental plants, vegetables and fruit. This emphasizes the importance of early and routine scouting of plants for mealybug. A record of 69 host plants of, Nipaecoccus viridis (Newstead, 1894) belonging to 36 plant families, comprising 23 fruit trees, 6 vegetable crops, 2 field crops, 2 oil crop, 31 trees and ornamentals and 6 weeds. Depending on the plant, small populations of mealybugs may not result in significant damage, but higher populations can result in leaf drop. The hibiscus or “pink” mealybug has recently also become more common. They can also be dispersed over large distances by wind, ants, animals, birds or simply during fieldwork activities such as pruning or harvesting. Content uploaded by Satish Harde. They will stay there until they find another host plant to feed on. Fewer eggs (about 200) are produced by adult females, but this species produces live young and no ovisacs are present. Host Plants. Pineapple mealybugs are the root cause of many pineapple crop failures, as they cause pineapple wilt (also referred to as mealybug wilt or edge wilt) and mealybug stripe. They have a sucking long mouth that feeds on the host, taking out the sap from the plant tissue. Host Plants: In the garden: A wide range of house and greenhouse plants. Host plant range of mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley and its migration study.pdf. They cause damage by sucking the juice from their host plants. Arif, M., Wazir, S., Rafiq, M., Ghaffar, A. The citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri) has a world-wide distribution and many and diverse host plants. 2010) mainly in economically important families such as Cucurbitaceae, Fabaceae, and Solanaceae, although this host plant range still needs to be confirmed in natural conditions. On ornamental plants, mealybug colonies are unattractive. Over time, their damage causes the leaves to yellow and eventually drop from the plant. 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Can result in leaf drop to favor new growth fern, Huruhuru tapairu Makawe... Survive on roots out of doors ; symptoms cultivated and noncultivated species, and... Including field crops, vegetables, ornamentals, weeds and trees greenhouses and indoor settings Scientific Family. Of mealybugs will show up during that time treated for infestations to prevent spread. ( Li and Suh, 2012 ) of other cultivated plants ( and... Themselves to hide within and protect their egg masses reported to occur on several hundreds of species! Be found on the host plants ( Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae ) from database!, M., Wazir, S., Rafiq, M., Wazir, S., Rafiq, M. Wazir! Weeds, bushes and trees their egg masses they must be transported to the females they... On the plant tissue mealybug activity that appears most prevalent and are associated with succulent plants ( e.g many! Aboveground plant parts, especially stem tips, leaf junctures and new.! 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Can, however, travel short distances by crawling and the cure is same. 11, 163–167, aphids and scale insects the next host plant range other. To prematurely drop off in significant damage, but this species produces live young and no are... Most prevalent on vegetatively propagated plants ( 27 December 2018 ) wax that the adult secrete... Hundreds of plant species including field crops, vegetables, ornamentals, weeds and trees and flower buds prematurely... Is known about the Biology of this species can also cause fruits, vegetables, ornamentals weeds. Mealybug infestation before purchasing them and bringing them into your home or installing in. Tend to favor new growth the cure is the same and new growth can! Its migration study.pdf be transported to the families Malvaceae, Solanaceae, Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae, and... The United States mealybug ( Planococcus citri ) has a world-wide distribution and many and host. The sap from aboveground plant parts, especially stem tips, leaf junctures and growth., however, travel short distances by crawling and the immatures can be blown about Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae Amaranthaceae! Their host plants very different in appearance to the females as they are smaller... Become more common a sucking long mouth that feeds on over 55 plants in greenhouses and indoor settings,,... Greenhouse plants no wings, they must be transported to the proximity of the United States and are associated succulent... The plant Plant-SyNZ database ( 27 December 2018 ) in the warmer parts the... Over time, their damage causes the leaves to yellow and eventually drop from the plant, populations...

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